VISION THERAPY - What is Vision Therapy?


What is Vision?

20/20 vision is only part of how our eyes function. Many people can have good acuity and have poor visual skills which significantly impact the way they see. Due increased near point work in classrooms, many children fatigue quickly and underlying vision issues become more prominent. Blurry vision, double vision, losing one’s place, and decreased reading comprehension are just a few symptoms a child may experience during classroom activities.

Our two eyes see two separate images. The brain overlaps the images to create a single and clear picture of the world around us. If the eyes and the brain are not working together efficiently, the picture can become distorted, blurry, or even double. Conditions that can be treated with vision therapy include convergence insufficiency, accommodative insufficiency, strabismus, and issues with visual information processing. Binocular dysfunction impacts one’s ability to learn efficiently and effectively.

Binocular vision issues may not always be obvious. Many kinds of vision problems reveal themselves most easily in behavior, posture and attitude. Many signs of A.D.D. or A.D.H.D. are similar to those for vision deficits. These signs are usually associated most closely with long periods of visual work done at less than arm’s length from a person’s eyes. Many vision problems can be easily identified through observation alone and often checklists are helpful. If you mark more than a few signs, there is good reason to suspect a vision problem.

Section A

  • Does your child squint when looking up from reading?
  • Have trouble seeing the chalkboard?
  • Frequently blink or rub eyes?
  • Have headaches after doing school work?
  • Frequently awkward, bump into things, knock things over?
  • Hold books extremely close?
  • Read a great deal of the time?
  • Report that things look blurry?
  • Have trouble copying work from the chalkboard to paper?

Section B

  • Spend a long time doing homework that should take only a few minutes?
  • Reduced attention span, can concentrate for only a moderate time?
  • Covers one eye by leaning on hand?
  • Lays head on desk when doing pencil work?
  • Frequently loses place when reading?
  • Skips or re-reads words and lines?
  • Reverses words or letters (was for saw, b for d) beyond second grade?
  • Does better at math than English, history or social studies?
  • Must re-read material several times to grasp its meaning?
  • Gets tired quickly when doing reading or homework?

Section C

  • Short attention span Can concentrate on reading work for only a few minutes?
  • Daydreams a lot? Stares off into the distance frequently?
  • Learns best through auditory tactics (listens to learn)?
  • Misbehavior has become a problem (to cover up poor school performance)?
  • Acts up when asked to do school work?
  • Class clown, "goofs off"?
  • Moody or depressed about school and life?
  • Avoids work that includes reading or near seeing?
  • Is more than 1 year behind group in reading-related skills?
  • Has poor posture? Slouches, slumps in chair?

Other signs and symptoms of Binocular Dysfunction

  • Frequent headaches
  • Messy handwriting
  • Easily frustrated or emotional
  • Motion sickness
  • General fatigue
  • Loss of eye contact
  • Poor coordination
  • Unusual posture
  • Dislike reading
  • Losing one’s place reading
  • Reversals
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Being easily distracted
  • Poor muscular strength
  • Poor peripheral awareness
  • Inability to focus
  • Poor Depth Perception (3D vision)
  • Clumsy
  • Blurry vision
  • Nausea
  • Light sensitivity
  • Double vision
  • Watery eyes
  • Poor spelling
  • Trouble copying text
  • Eye strain Eye pain
  • Emotional